Military Handbook- Grounding, Bonding and Shielding for Electronic Equipments and Facilities (Vol. II of 2)

Keywords bonding electronic equipment facilities grounding military handbook shielding

1.2.1 Determination of Site Parameters (Site Survey). Before beginning the design, conduct a survey of the site where the earth electrode subsystem is to be installed. Through this survey, determine the resistivity of the soil, identify significant geological features, gather information on architectural and landscape features which may influence the design of the subsystem, and review local climate effects. (If possible, conduct this survey in advance of the final site selection in order to avoid particularly troublesome locations.) Soil Resistivity
As the first step of the site survey, measure the resistivity of the soil at several points over the area of the planned facility. For even the smallest facility, the effective facility area in so far as the electrode subsystem is concerned is assumed to be at least 15 meters by 15 meters (50 feet by 50 feet). For larger facilities, the facility areas are assumed to extend at least 6 meters (20 feet) beyond the basic building or structural outline, i.e., the ground floor plan, substation grid, tower footing, transformer housing, etc. It is necessary that the soil resistivity be known over the area encircled or covered by the earth electrode subsystem.

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This chapter presents the design, installation practices, test and acceptance procedures associated with the incorporation of effective grounding, bonding, and shielding for a new facility.* The major elements of the facility covered are the (1) earth electrode subsystem, (2) fault protection subsystem, (3) lightning protection subsystem, (4) signal reference subsystem, (5) bonding, and (6) shielding. Design and construction steps for these six elements are contained in the following sections:

1.2 Earth Electrode Subsystem
1.3 Lightning Protection for Structures
1.4 Fault Protection Subsystem
1.5 Signal Reference Subsystem for New Facilities
1.6 Grounding, Philosophy for Equipments Processing National Security Related Information
1.7 Bonding Practices
1.8 Shielding
1.9 Common-Mode Noise and Instrumentation
1.10 EMP Protection
1.11 Military Mobile Facilities
1.12 Fences
1.13 Inspection and Test Procedures for a New Facility

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