Military Handbook- Design Guidance for Producibility

Keywords design guidance for producibility military handbook

Producibility has been defined in many ways. The most desirable producible design is one that could be made by any reasonably skilled worker out of a wide variety of material in a short time. Department of Defense (DoD) Directive 5000.34 (Ref. 2) defines producibility as the relative ease of producing an item or system that is governed by the characteristics and features of a design that enable economical fabrication, assembly, inspection, and testing using available production technology. Military Standard (MIL-STD) 1528 (Ref. 3) defines producibility as the composite of characteristics, which, when applied to equipment design and production planning, leads to the most effective and economic means of fabrication, assembly, inspection, test, installation, checkout, and acceptance of systems and equipment.

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In the era preceding World War II, a designer’s only concern with production was to determine whether the designed product could be manufactured. The ensuing technological explosion of materials and manufacturing processes coupled with the sophistication of the products to be produced have changed that situation. Today, the designer is concerned not only with determining whether an item can be produced but also with the degree to which it can be effectively produced. For example, a design that describes an equipment item that is required for issue to every soldier and can be manufactured by only one producer on a proprietary process at a cost of $50,000 each from a scarce or difficult to obtain material would have a very low degree of producibility. Conversely, the same item that could be produced by an manufacturer at a cost of a few cents each from readily available material would have a very high degree of producibility. To contribute to the development of a new item of military hardware, the design engineer must operate within a controlled environment and conform to a set of prescribed standards.

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