The environment is defined as “the totality of natural and induced conditions occurring or encountered at any one time and place” (Ref. 1). An environment is important only as it relates to objects that are exposed to it and activities that are conducted within it. A definition of environment that relates more specifically to Army materiel and the conditions that it experiences is “the integrated total of all stresses that influence the performance capability of men and equipment during transit, in storage, or under field operating conditions” (Ref. 2). For the purposes of this handbook, the production environment for Army materiel must also be included. In this handbook the important environmental factors are those that influence the corrosion of metal components in items of Army materiel throughout its useful life. The most meaningful way of characterizing environments is by climatic factors. Therefore, environments may be described as temperate, arctic, desert, and tropical. They may be further specified as industrial, rural, coastal, inland, or shipboard. Induced environmental factors include radiation of all types, mechanical stresses, and airborne and waterborne pollutants.
Replaced/Superseded by document(s)
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|Military Handbook- Material Deterioration Prevention and Control Guide for Army Materiel (Part One-Metals).pdf||application/pdf||41.09 MB||English||DOWNLOAD!|
Deterioration of Army materiel results from the reaction of metals and nonmetals with the environments to which the materiel is exposed. However, the corrosion process of metals can be prevented or limited. This requires knowledge and diligence on the part of those engaged in the design, acquisition and use of Army material. This handbook provides the necessary knowledge. The basis for defining the content of the handbook is discussed, and an explanation is given for directing the handbook to those in a position to take the action necessary to prevent or control corrosion. The environments to which Army materiel maybe exposed, and that may therefore result in corrosion reactions, are outlined. Finally, the organization of the information in the handbook; summarized.