Bringing Model-based Systems Engineering Capabilities to Project Management: an Application to PRINCE2

Keywords project management business process model-based systems engineering
Standards groups

Leveraging on the above benefits, model-based systems engineering approaches have been applied to business processes engineering, which can be radical (Business Process Reengineering, BPR) or incremental (Business Process Improvement, BPI). Various works can be found in literature about case studies, industrial applications, technologies, and methodologies related to model-based approaches. More rarely, these approaches have been applied to support project management, which has historically focused on the collection of lessons learned and in the definition of tools for, e.g., planning, estimation and risk management.
This paper bridges the areas of model-based systems engineering and project management with the application of a model-based approach to the specification of a project management method consisting of roles, principles,
project artefacts, and processes. Although the application of MBSE is not new to support project management (see, e.g., the model-based approach to support the integration of aircraft systems described in [4]), to the best of our knowledge no contributions can be found dealing with the application of MBSE to the
formulation of project management methods, particularly related to PRINCE2.

Date published
Document type
technical white paper
Defines standard
Replaced/Superseded by document(s)
Cancelled by
Amended by
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PRINCE2.pdf application/pdf   1.33 MB English DOWNLOAD!
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PRINCE2 is arguably one of the most adopted
process-based methods for project management.
Currently, PRINCE2 is defined in a textual specification,
which describes the principles, the themes, and the
processes that project managers should apply in their
management activities. Although the specification is well
structured and mature, the specification does not provide
a browsable digital representation that can be interactively
used for learning and/or for the specification application
during project management activities. This paper aims to
overcome these limitations with the application of a modelbased
systems engineering approach to represent the
PRINCE2 specification in a model-based format. This can
bring several benefits to the specification, including the
availability of a graphical, comprehensive and digitally
browsable visualization of the PRINCE2 processes, their
inputs/outputs, and the constituting tasks. The modelbased
format has been obtained by a top-down mapping of
the PRINCE2 specifications, beginning with the process
architecture in IDEF0 down to the individual tasks, roles,
and tools in BPMN 2.0. Besides supporting PRINCE2
understanding and application, the model-based format
can also serve as a baseline for further exploitations, such
as consistency verification of the PRINCE2 specification
and model-based process simulation for the governance of
the PRINCE2 processes and of the project management

Diana Coppola, Andrea D’Ambrogio, Daniele Gianni
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