Alphonse Chapanis 1917–2002

Keywords Alphonse Chapanis 1917–2002 HFES Bulletin Human Factors and Ergonomics in Design

Chapanis graduated from Connecticut College for Women (now the University of Connecticut) and completed his graduate training at Yale (1942) before being commissioned in 1943 as a lieutenant in the Army Air Corps and trained and appointed as an aviation research psychologist. Chapanis was the first research psychologist assigned to the Aero Medical Laboratory (AML) at Wright Field, Ohio.

There he became one of a handful of early human factors engineering professionals who researched user-interface problems with air force equipment and developed design solutions during World War II. Chapanis’s applied
experimental psychological research work at AML included examinations of pilot errors, testing luminescent materials for cockpit displays, developing anoxia demonstration charts, and especially doing significant work on night vision and dark adaptation issues as well as on other human-machine interface issues for operators of advancing military systems being put through their paces in
the second world war.

Document identifier
Volume 45 Number 10
Date published
Document type
Defines standard
Replaced/Superseded by document(s)
Cancelled by
Amended by
File MIME type Size (KB) Language Download
bulletin1002.pdf application/pdf   140.2 KB English DOWNLOAD!
File attachments
Visit also